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MASTERPIECE2019

Narrative Essay

1)There are three aspects that lead to black children education’s problems in my HCP. (Poverty/Parent’s Involvement and Participation/Pre-school Education)
I think you should base on these three aspects to find the solution.
2)You can refer the sample2 essay I give to you that the solution MUST be a PROGRAM in US. Because this essay is a Researching essay. You have to provide the evidence and find more information to support it.
3)There is no topic of this essay. Advocacy Project is not a topic. So you have to give a topic as the title.
Thanks!

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Solving the Education Crisis Facing African American Children

African Americans have come a long way to be where they now regard social, economic, and political rights and prosperity in the United States. Their unfortunate history of having to be sons and daughters of slaves has for their entire lifetime given them the tag of second-class citizens. The future seems to offer little hope for the African American population since the only chance of reformation; that is education, is still way below the average standards of the whites and Asians. According to Dalton, et al. (23), African American children have a higher dropout rate, lower reading ability, lower arithmetic skills, and record higher indiscipline cases then both the Caucasians and the Asians in the United States. Given the problem, it is a high time the society needs to implement the solutions proactively. Multiple research findings indicate the solution to the African American education crisis needs to adopt a multi-faceted approach (Malott 211). The solution to the crisis will involve systemic change to reduce the poverty level, change in the teaching approach in preschool, and encouraging parent’s involvement and participation in their children’s education.

For effective change to take place in the education system, there must be a comprehensive change in the economic systems of the United States to help alleviate the poverty facing the African Americans. Holland (n.p) mentions that the African American children are blamed for problems that trickle down from the society. The indiscipline problems among African American children and their general lack of interest in education have deep roots in the economic systems of the United States. Guryan (923) notes that historically, the African Americans were educated with the intention of serving the whites. The education system of the Africans aimed to make them the submissive assistance of the white population. They were not encouraged to be leaders, innovative, thinkers, and researchers.  Instead, the African Americans were only to acquire the skills needed to serve the job market dominated by white managers and entrepreneurs. Given that, the power to control the economy of the country has always vested in the white majority.

Therefore, as a solution, there is need to empower the African American community economically in the society. It is a high time that African Americans take up the big positions in the society previously a reserve of the whites. According to Wilson (19), empowering the African American children by reducing poverty levels in the community will help in uplifting the situation for thousands of African American Children. Ascending to the top of the economic system will play a critical role in the transformation of African American children. The children need to grow up knowing that they have an opportunity to rise in the society through the power vested in education.

Solving the poverty problem among the African American community will help improve the attitude of the African American children. The historical trend of the African American society has made it difficult for the community to have hope for a brighter future. The collective mentality of most African American young people is to grow up and go live in the “hood” with the other community members. Fry(n.p) asserts that lack of ambition to excel due to poverty in the community is the biggest enemy of the African American child.  The boys lack mentors in the high places of the society who can motivate them to rise through the corporate ladder. The girls too do not have enough mentors to inspire them to rise above the expectations of the society. The huge number of African Americans taking drugs, incarcerated, homeless, single parent and girls with early pregnancies seems to paint a dull picture of the African American young people. Wilson (14) insists that these problems are caused by poverty in the African American community that leads to a hopeless attitude among many students. However, with rigorous activism in the community the attitude of the African American children can change despite the situation in the society (Payne and Brown 316). It is possible to make them see a better future and work hard in school as a way to achieve their vision. In the same way African Americans have mentors in sports, such as basketball, football, and baseball, they should have intellectual mentors to inspire them to perform well in their academics. The entertainment superstars need to start visiting schools and encouraging the African Americans to pursue education with zeal.

The problem of pre-school education gap also needs to be addressed if the education crisis facing African American children will improve. A report by the National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP) established that the early childhood education gap can be bridged if African American parents engage more socio-emotional support to the pre-school children (Aratani, Wight, and Cooper 2). The report notes that socio-emotional support is almost same for African Americans and the whites when the child is only nine months old. However, when the child gets to 24 months, then joins a school, the socio-emotional gap widens and affects the development of the African American children in preschool and kindergarten. The figure below shows how the socio-emotional gap widens through preschool and kindergarten.

Figure 1: Contribution of socio-emotional care in the widening racial gap

Source: Aratani, Wight, and Cooper (2011)

Another report by Adam and Brown (6) indicates that the Head Start Program that started in 1965 helped in improving the situation for children between the ages of 3-4 years. They assert that the 1994 improvement of the program to Early Head Start Program enhanced the comprehensive child development for children from birth to three years old. However, the African Americans did not benefit much from the two programs. Adam and Brown (6) asserts that the drop in early childhood funding by the government by almost $30 million in 2010 resulted in more African Americans children failing to enroll for preschool on time. Therefore, there is a need to increase funding for preschool programs to ensure African Americans children have access to affordable and quality early childhood education.

The African American children fail to excel in schools because most teachers lack the capacity to handle multicultural students at the pre-school level. Irvine (273) explains that the number of African American teachers is reducing even in pre-schools with African Americans students as the majority. Many white teachers do not have the necessary training to handle the needs African American students. Even though students from all races have the potential to excel, the approach used by teachers may determine the performance of the students. Therefore, the first step would be to increase the number of African-American teachers, especially in elementary classes. The second step would be to ensure the all the pre-school teachers have training on cultural responsive pedagogical skills. Doll, Eslami, and Walters (n.p) assert that teachers handling a diverse student population should take care of the unique needs of the different groups. They argue that African American pre-school children learning in the same schools with the Caucasian and Asian children may need some help from the teachers to overcome their inferiority attitude and compete on equal grounds.

The education crisis facing the African-American children does not only concern the education system. Parents and guardians have a big role to play in the improvement of education standards among the African American population. Baker(184) research established that students from separated families or dysfunctional families are twice as likely to encounter education problems compared to those who come from stable families. Figure 2 below shows the relation between the type of family and involvement in school matters.

Figure 2: Significance of Two Parents Involvement in Education

Source: Winquist, Chritine, and Jerry West  (2015)

 It is unfortunate the many African American families have problems that affect the performance of the children in schools. Therefore, there needs to be a campaign to help African American parents to reform their ways and support their children in schools. According to Baker (187), students who get support from their parents and guardians perform better than those who receive no support. The parents need to check on the performance of the child, talk to the child, and talk to the teachers as well as the school administrators regularly. The African American community needs to realize that the success of their children lies in their ability to motivate them. Both the literate and the illiterate parents have a responsibility to show concern for their children’s education.

Besides the helping their children on education issues, parents need to ensure that the children grow up safe from negative distractions that may jeopardize their education. Andy (400) believes that the teachers may fail to notice a change in behavior in a child because they have so many students to attend to every day. However, a parent who has one to five children living in the same house can notice a change in behavior in a child. It would be easy for a concerned parent to notice a son who is getting involved in drugs or a daughter who has just entered into a relationship with a man. The parent has a responsibility to offer guidance to the child and ensure that societal ills do not affect the education of the child. African American parents need to be told of the importance of education in all the public forums they attend. The parents can help motivate the children and encourage the teachers to offer their best in the class in assisting the children.

There is no doubt that the education system offered to American children is of a high quality capable of uplifting the intellectual ability of children. Years of reforms in the United States education system as made it among the best and affordable in the world.  Therefore, the disparity in the performance in schools among the many races living in the US can be solved with a holistic approach. The country needs to admit that the disparity in performance does not result from the education system but a myriad of factors that exists in the American society. The entire social system needs to open up and allow all the races to excel in political, social, and economic fields. However, this cannot be possible if some races underperform in the education sector. Therefore, interventions discussed such as reforming the pedagogical approach, involving parents and creating a good learning environment will help improve the situation. However, the most important act is empowering and motivating the African American children to rise above the problems they are facing in the society and excel in their education.

Work Cited

Adams, Jarret, and Demetria Brown. Early Childhood Education And The African American Child:. 1st ed. Comparative Education, 2013. Print.

Adny, Denkin ‘African-American Students In Urban Schools: Critical Issues And Solutions For Achievement’. Choice Reviews Online 51.01 (2013): 51-0400-51-0400. Web.

Aratani, Yumiko, Venessa Wight, and Janice Cooper. Racial Gaps In Early Childhood. 1st ed. Columbia University: National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP), 2011. Web. 19 Nov. 2015.

Baker, Claire E. ‘Fathers’ And Mothers’ Home Literacy Involvement And Children’s Cognitive And Social Emotional Development: Implications For Family Literacy Programs’. Applied Developmental Science 17.4 (2013): 184-197. Web.

Dalton, et al. Late High School Dropouts. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics, 2009. Print.

Doll, J. J., Z. Eslami, and L. Walters. ‘Understanding Why Students Drop Out Of High School, According To Their Reports: Are They Pushed Or Pulled, Or Do They Fall Out? A Comparative Analysis Of Seven Nationally Representative Studies’. SAGE Open 3.4 (2013): n. pag. Web.

Fry, Richard. ‘U.S. High School Dropout Rate Reaches Record Low, Driven By Improvements Among Hispanics, Blacks’. Pew Research Center. N.p., 2014. Web. 16 Nov. 2015.

Guryan, Jonathan. ‘Desegregation And Black Dropout Rates.’ American Economic Review 94.4 (2004): 919-943. Web.

Holland, N. E. ‘Partnering With A Higher Power: Academic Engagement, Religiosity, And Spirituality Of African American Urban Youth’. Education and Urban Society (2014): n. pag. Web.

Irvine, J. J. ‘Complex Relationships Between Multicultural Education And Special Education: An African American Perspective’. Journal of Teacher Education 63.4 (2012): 268-274. Web.

Malott, Curry Stephenson. ‘African Americans And Education: A Contested History.’ Souls 12.3 (2010): 197-215. Web.

Payne, Y. A., and T. M. Brown. ‘The Educational Experiences Of Street-Life-Oriented Black Boys: How Black Boys Use Street Life As A Site Of Resilience In High School.’ Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 26.3 (2010): 316-338. Web.

Wilson, Camille M. ‘Enacting Critical Care And Transformative Leadership In Schools Highly Impacted By Poverty: An African-American Principal’s Counter Narrative’. International Journal of Leadership in Education (2015): 1-21. Web.

Winsquest, Christine, and Jerry West. ‘Fathers’ And Mothers’ Involvement In Their Children’s Schools By Family Type And Resident Status.’ Nces.ed.gov. N.p., 2015. Web. 16 Nov. 2015.