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Narrative Essay

1)There are three aspects that lead to black children education’s problems in my HCP. (Poverty/Parent’s Involvement and Participation/Pre-school Education)
I think you should base on these three aspects to find the solution.
2)You can refer the sample2 essay I give to you that the solution MUST be a PROGRAM in US. Because this essay is a Researching essay. You have to provide the evidence and find more information to support it.
3)There is no topic of this essay. Advocacy Project is not a topic. So you have to give a topic as the title.




Student’s name

Professor’s name

Course title


the Education Crisis Facing African American Children

African Americans
have come a long way to be where they now regard social, economic, and
political rights and prosperity in the United States. Their unfortunate history
of having to be sons and daughters of slaves has for their entire lifetime
given them the tag of second-class citizens. The future seems to offer little
hope for the African American population since the only chance of reformation;
that is education, is still way below the average standards of the whites and
Asians. According to Dalton, et al. (23), African American
children have a higher dropout rate, lower reading ability, lower arithmetic
skills, and record higher indiscipline cases then both the Caucasians and the
Asians in the United States. Given the problem, it is a high time the society
needs to implement the solutions proactively. Multiple research findings
indicate the solution to the African American education crisis needs to adopt a
multi-faceted approach (Malott 211). The solution to the crisis
will involve systemic change to reduce the poverty level, change in the
teaching approach in preschool, and encouraging parent’s involvement and
participation in their children’s education.

For effective
change to take place in the education system, there must be a comprehensive
change in the economic systems of the United States to help alleviate the
poverty facing the African Americans. Holland (n.p) mentions
that the African American children are blamed for problems that trickle down
from the society. The indiscipline problems among African American children and
their general lack of interest in education have deep roots in the economic
systems of the United States. Guryan (923) notes that
historically, the African Americans were educated with the intention of serving
the whites. The education system of the Africans aimed to make them the
submissive assistance of the white population. They were not encouraged to be
leaders, innovative, thinkers, and researchers. 
Instead, the African Americans were only to acquire the skills needed to
serve the job market dominated by white managers and entrepreneurs. Given that,
the power to control the economy of the country has always vested in the white

Therefore, as a
solution, there is need to empower the African American community economically in
the society. It is a high time that African Americans take up the big positions
in the society previously a reserve of the whites. According to Wilson (19),
empowering the African American children by reducing poverty levels in the
community will help in uplifting the situation for thousands of African
American Children. Ascending to the top of the economic system will play a
critical role in the transformation of African American children. The children
need to grow up knowing that they have an opportunity to rise in the society
through the power vested in education.

Solving the
poverty problem among the African American community will help improve the
attitude of the African American children. The historical trend of the African
American society has made it difficult for the community to have hope for a
brighter future. The collective mentality of most African American young people
is to grow up and go live in the “hood” with the other community
members. Fry(n.p)
asserts that lack of ambition to excel due to poverty in the community is the
biggest enemy of the African American child. 
The boys lack mentors in the high places of the society who can motivate
them to rise through the corporate ladder. The girls too do not have enough
mentors to inspire them to rise above the expectations of the society. The huge
number of African Americans taking drugs, incarcerated, homeless, single parent
and girls with early pregnancies seems to paint a dull picture of the African
American young people. Wilson (14) insists that these problems are caused by
poverty in the African American community that leads to a hopeless attitude
among many students. However, with rigorous activism in the community the
attitude of the African American children can change despite the situation in
the society (Payne and Brown 316). It is possible to make
them see a better future and work hard in school as a way to achieve their vision.
In the same way African Americans have mentors in sports, such as basketball,
football, and baseball, they should have intellectual mentors to inspire them
to perform well in their academics. The entertainment superstars need to start
visiting schools and encouraging the African Americans to pursue education with

The problem of
pre-school education gap also needs to be addressed if the education crisis
facing African American children will improve. A report by the National Center
for Children in Poverty (NCCP) established that the early childhood education
gap can be bridged if African American parents engage more socio-emotional
support to the pre-school children (Aratani, Wight, and Cooper 2). The report
notes that socio-emotional support is almost same for African Americans and the
whites when the child is only nine months old. However, when the child gets to
24 months, then joins a school, the socio-emotional gap widens and affects the
development of the African American children in preschool and kindergarten. The
figure below shows how the socio-emotional gap widens through preschool and

Figure 1: Contribution of socio-emotional
care in the widening racial gap

Source: Aratani,
Wight, and Cooper (2011)

Another report by
Adam and Brown (6) indicates that the Head Start Program that started in 1965
helped in improving the situation for children between the ages of 3-4 years.
They assert that the 1994 improvement of the program to Early Head Start
Program enhanced the comprehensive child development for children from birth to
three years old. However, the African Americans did not benefit much from the
two programs. Adam and Brown (6) asserts that the drop in early childhood
funding by the government by almost $30 million in 2010 resulted in more
African Americans children failing to enroll for preschool on time. Therefore,
there is a need to increase funding for preschool programs to ensure African
Americans children have access to affordable and quality early childhood education.

The African
American children fail to excel in schools because most teachers lack the
capacity to handle multicultural students at the pre-school level. Irvine (273) explains
that the number of African American teachers is reducing even in pre-schools with
African Americans students as the majority. Many white teachers do not have the
necessary training to handle the needs African American students. Even though
students from all races have the potential to excel, the approach used by
teachers may determine the performance of the students. Therefore, the first
step would be to increase the number of African-American teachers, especially
in elementary classes. The second step would be to ensure the all the pre-school
teachers have training on cultural responsive pedagogical skills. Doll, Eslami, and
Walters (n.p) assert that teachers handling a diverse student population
should take care of the unique needs of the different groups. They argue that
African American pre-school children learning in the same schools with the
Caucasian and Asian children may need some help from the teachers to overcome
their inferiority attitude and compete on equal grounds.

The education
crisis facing the African-American children does not only concern the education
system. Parents and guardians have a big role to play in the improvement of
education standards among the African American population. Baker(184) research
established that students from separated families or dysfunctional families are
twice as likely to encounter education problems compared to those who come from
stable families. Figure 2 below shows the relation between the type of family
and involvement in school matters.

Figure 2:
Significance of Two Parents Involvement in Education

Source: Winquist,
Chritine, and Jerry West  (2015)

 It is unfortunate the many African American
families have problems that affect the performance of the children in schools.
Therefore, there needs to be a campaign to help African American parents to
reform their ways and support their children in schools. According to Baker (187),
students who get support from their parents and guardians perform better than
those who receive no support. The parents need to check on the performance of
the child, talk to the child, and talk to the teachers as well as the school
administrators regularly. The African American community needs to realize that
the success of their children lies in their ability to motivate them. Both the
literate and the illiterate parents have a responsibility to show concern for
their children’s education.

Besides the
helping their children on education issues, parents need to ensure that the
children grow up safe from negative distractions that may jeopardize their
education. Andy
(400) believes that the teachers may fail to notice a change in behavior
in a child because they have so many students to attend to every day. However,
a parent who has one to five children living in the same house can notice a
change in behavior in a child. It would be easy for a concerned parent to
notice a son who is getting involved in drugs or a daughter who has just
entered into a relationship with a man. The parent has a responsibility to
offer guidance to the child and ensure that societal ills do not affect the
education of the child. African American parents need to be told of the
importance of education in all the public forums they attend. The parents can
help motivate the children and encourage the teachers to offer their best in
the class in assisting the children.

There is no doubt
that the education system offered to American children is of a high quality
capable of uplifting the intellectual ability of children. Years of reforms in
the United States education system as made it among the best and affordable in
the world.  Therefore, the disparity in
the performance in schools among the many races living in the US can be solved
with a holistic approach. The country needs to admit that the disparity in
performance does not result from the education system but a myriad of factors
that exists in the American society. The entire social system needs to open up
and allow all the races to excel in political, social, and economic fields.
However, this cannot be possible if some races underperform in the education
sector. Therefore, interventions discussed such as reforming the pedagogical
approach, involving parents and creating a good learning environment will help
improve the situation. However, the most important act is empowering and
motivating the African American children to rise above the problems they are
facing in the society and excel in their education.

Work Cited

Adams, Jarret, and
Demetria Brown. Early Childhood
Education And The African American Child:
. 1st ed. Comparative
Education, 2013. Print.

Adny, Denkin ‘African-American
Students In Urban Schools: Critical Issues And Solutions For Achievement’. Choice Reviews Online 51.01 (2013): 51-0400-51-0400.

Aratani, Yumiko,
Venessa Wight, and Janice Cooper. Racial Gaps In
Early Childhood
. 1st ed. Columbia University: National Center
for Children in Poverty (NCCP), 2011. Web. 19 Nov. 2015.

Baker, Claire E.
‘Fathers’ And Mothers’ Home Literacy Involvement And Children’s Cognitive And
Social Emotional Development: Implications For Family Literacy Programs’. Applied Developmental Science 17.4 (2013): 184-197. Web.

Dalton, et al. Late High School Dropouts. Washington, DC:
National Center for Education Statistics, 2009. Print.

Doll, J. J., Z.
Eslami, and L. Walters. ‘Understanding Why Students Drop Out Of High School,
According To Their Reports: Are They Pushed Or Pulled, Or Do They Fall Out? A
Comparative Analysis Of Seven Nationally Representative Studies’. SAGE Open 3.4 (2013): n. pag. Web.

Fry, Richard.
‘U.S. High School Dropout Rate Reaches Record Low, Driven By Improvements Among
Hispanics, Blacks’. Pew Research
. N.p., 2014. Web. 16 Nov. 2015.

Guryan, Jonathan.
‘Desegregation And Black Dropout Rates.’
Economic Review
 94.4 (2004):
919-943. Web.

Holland, N. E.
‘Partnering With A Higher Power: Academic Engagement, Religiosity, And
Spirituality Of African American Urban Youth’. Education and
Urban Society
 (2014): n. pag.

Irvine, J. J.
‘Complex Relationships Between Multicultural Education And Special Education:
An African American Perspective’. Journal of Teacher
 63.4 (2012):
268-274. Web.

Malott, Curry
Stephenson. ‘African Americans And Education: A Contested History.’ Souls 12.3 (2010): 197-215. Web.

Payne, Y. A., and
T. M. Brown. ‘The Educational Experiences Of Street-Life-Oriented Black Boys:
How Black Boys Use Street Life As A Site Of Resilience In High School.’ Journal of Contemporary
Criminal Justice
 26.3 (2010):
316-338. Web.

Wilson, Camille M.
‘Enacting Critical Care And Transformative Leadership In Schools Highly
Impacted By Poverty: An African-American Principal’s Counter Narrative’. International Journal of
Leadership in Education
 (2015): 1-21. Web.

Christine, and Jerry West. ‘Fathers’ And Mothers’ Involvement In Their
Children’s Schools By Family Type And Resident Status.’ N.p., 2015. Web.
16 Nov. 2015.